Home, Auto Parts, Accessories, Tools & Equipment, Manuals & Books, Car BLOG, Links, CarleySoftware


Auto Diagnosis & Repair Articles

Copyright 2015 AA1Car.com
The following articles are provided for individual use only and may not be copied, duplicated, redistributed or reused without permission.
Page copy protected against web site content infringement by Copyscape
To view an article, click on the title. To print an article, click on your browser PRINT button.


Search for topics in the library by entering a key word, phrase or term:
Google
 
www.AA1Car.com Web
See also the Alphabetical Index of Articles and Topics


Last Update: May 1, 2015
Automotive Glossary
Automotive Glossary of Terms A to E

Automotive Glossary of Terms F to P

Automotive Glossary of Terms R to Z

Automotive Acronyms

ASE English-Spanish Glossary of Technical Terms (PDF file - requires Adobe Acrobat Reader to view).

Automotive Training Resources




OEM Service Information & Technical Websites

Click HERE for List of OEM Vehicle Manufacturer Service Information Websites & Access Fees

Need Factory Service & Repair Information for Your Car or Truck? Click the banner below:
ALLDATAdiy - Diagnose, Repair, Research


Auto Repair Safety Tips (READ THIS FIRST!)

Air Conditioning Articles

Air Conditioning Inspection Checklist

A/C Cooling Problem: Blows Warm Air Only No Cool Air

Troubleshoot Air Conditioning Problems

How To Recharge Your Car's Air Conditioner

Alternative Refrigerants for R-12

HFO-1234yf

Flammable Refrigerants

Future Alternative Refrigerants That May Replace R-134a

Information about Retrofitting older vehicles with R-12 A/C systems to R-134a

Air Conditioning Service Best Practices (Procedures a repair shop should follow when servicing your A/C system)

MACS Recommended A/C Service Procedures (PDF file - requires Adobe Acrobat Reader to view).

Troubleshoot Automatic Climate Control System

A/C Compressor Failures

A/C Condenser Flushing

Compressor PAG Oil Application Chart





wheel alignment problems Alignment Articles

Wheel Alignment: Camber, Caster & Toe

Fixing Common Alignment Problems

Strut Suspensions

Correcting Steering Pulls

Getting The Right Attitude: Restoring Ride Height

How To Align The Unalignable

Aligning Light Trucks & SUVs



brake problems Brake Articles

Doing A Complete Brake Job

Brake Pad Installation Tips

Fixes For Common Brake Problems

No Brakes!

Brake Line Failure

Brake Warning Light (possible causes)

Low Brake Pedal (causes)

Brake Lubricants

Silencing Brake Squeal

Eliminating Brake Noise

Say No to Brake Noise

5 Car Noises You Should Not Ignore

Preventing Disc Brake Dust

About Ceramic Brake Pads

More on Ceramic Brake Pads

Update On Application Specific Brake Linings

Choosing Brake Friction Materials

Rating Aftermarket Brake Linings: D3EA Testing

Brake Rotors

Cautions on Composite Disc Brake Rotors

Disc Brakes

Disc Brake Repair Drum Brake Service

Drum Brake Wheel Cylinder Inspection & Service

Brake Fluid: A Hot Topic

Bleeding Brakes

Bleeding ABS Brake Systems

Asbestos still a hazard

Servicing Brake Hydraulics

Brake Master Cylinder

Brake Balance & Electronic Brake Proportioning

Brake Calipers

Loaded Brake Calipers

Troubleshoot Power Brakes

Parking Brake Service

Electronic Parking Brake (EPB)

Big 3 Brake Symposium Notes - Oct 2002

Big 3 Brake Symposium Notes - May 2001

All About Antilock Brake Systems (ABS)

Antilock Braking Systems (1998 model year)

ABS Systems Come Under Fire

New ABS Diagnostic Testers

Pulling ABS Diagnostic Codes

Diagnosing ABS Wheel Speed Sensors

Chrysler Dodge Plymouth Minivan Bendix 10 Antilock Brakes

GM Delphi DBC-7 ABS Antilock Brakes

Honda Antilock Brakes

Honda Accord Rear Brake Wear Problem (2008 - 2010 models)

Jeep Bendix 9 Antilock Brakes

Kelsey-Hayes 4WAL Antilock Brakes

Traction Control

Electronic Stability Control

Brake-By-Wire

emissions failure Cooling System Articles

Finding & Fixing Coolant Leaks

Servicing Your Cooling System

Cooling System Maintenance & Repairs

Coolant Recovery Systems

Cooling System Electrolysis Corrosion (causes & cures)

Radiator Repair & Replacement

Coolant Checks & Changes More Complicated These Days

Antifreeze (Universal Coolant)

Coolant Confusion

Your Temperature Warning Lamp Is On. What Should You Do?

Overheating: Causes & Cures

Coolant Sensors

Troubleshoot Electric Cooling Fan

Electric Cooling Fan Relay Problems

Troubleshoot Cooling Fan Clutch

Water Pump Diagnosis & Replacement

Belt & hose service

Serpentine Belts

Automatic Belt Tensioners

Heater Service



Got a Car Repair Problem or Question? Need Help Now? Click the Banner Below to Ask an Expert:

Ask a Mechanic JustAnswer



Driveability, Diagnostics & Emissions Articles

Poor Fuel Economy

Car Won't Start (Possible Causes & Quick Checks)

Troubleshoot Anti-Theft System

Diagnose Ignition Switch Problems

Troubleshoot Intermittent Engine Problems

Check Engine Light OnBoard Diagnostics

More on Check Engine Lights & Fault Code Diagnostics

Ford P0171 & P0174 Lean Codes

5 Warning Lights You Should Never Ignore!

Other Warning Lights (TEMP, OIL, ALT/GEN, BRAKES, ABS, AIR BAGS, etc.)

Scan Tool Diagnostics

Controller Area Network (CAN) Diagnostics

CAN communication problem (what to do when the CAN system won't talk to your scan tool)

Mode 06 Diagnostics

Flash Reprogramming PCMs

Flash Reprogramming PCMs (more)

Powertrain Control Modules (PCMs)

Understanding Engine Management Systems

Making Sense of Engine Sensors

Air Temperature Sensors

Coolant Sensors

Crankshaft Position CKP Sensors

Understanding Oxygen (O2) Sensors

Oxygen Sensor Locations

Wideband O2 Sensors & A/F Sensors

Sensing Emission Problems (O2 Sensors)

MAP sensors

Mass Airflow MAF Sensors

Vane Airflow VAF Sensors

Throttle Position Sensors

Decoding Onboard Diagnostics

TROUBLE CODE Help

Most Common Trouble Codes (and what causes them)

Trouble Code Diagnostic Tips

All About Onboard Diagnostics II (OBD II)

OBD Monitor Not Ready

Understanding OBD II Driveability & Emissions Problems

Zeroing in on OBD II Diagnostics

Emissions testing update

Emissions Testing: Exhaust Analysis

Evolution of I/M 240

The Environmental Challenge Now Is CO2

Automotive Environmental Issues

Fixing Emission Failures

Basic Emission Control Systems Overview

Catalytic Converters

Troubleshoot a P0420 Catalyst Code

Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR)

Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV)

EVAP Evaporative Emission Control System

Spark Knock (Detonation)

What Is Detonation?

How Electronic Fuel Injection Works

What Is Fuel Trim?

What Is Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI)?

Toyota Fuel Injection

Troubleshoot Fuel Injectors

Troubleshoot Electronic Fuel Injection Problems

Fuel System Diagnostics: Finding the Best Approach

Fuel Pump Diagnosis Tips from Carter (PDF file - requires Adobe Acrobat Reader to view).

How To Diagnose & Repair Carburetor Problems

Honda Keihin Carburetor Repair

Bad Gas Update 2006

1998 Saturn SC2 intermittent cranks no start problem

The Scoop On Scopes (Diagnostic Storage Oscilloscopes)

Distributorless Ignition Systems

Coil-Over-Plug Ignition Systems

Troubleshoot Idle Speed Control System

Driveability Diagnosis: Misfires

Misfire Diagnosis Chrysler 3.5L V6

Idle Surge (cause & cure)

Ignition Coil Diagnosis & Testing

Diagnosing Dead On Arrival Vehicles

Troubleshooting with Temperature

Troubleshoot electrical problems

Finding & Fixing Vacuum Leaks

What's a Tune-Up Today?

Don't Neglect the Spark Plugs

Why Spark Plugs Still Need To Be Replaced

Spark Plug Fouling

Original Equipment Spark Plugs, Are They Best?

Ford Motorcraft Spark Plug Breakage Problem (2004 - 2008 Ford Trucks w/5.4L V8, & 2005 - 2008 Mustang GT with 4.6L V8)

Bosch Platinum Plus 4 "Forever" Spark Plugs

Light-Duty Diesel Diagnosis

Diesel Piston Damage Diagnosis

GM Duramax Diesel Warranty Issues





battery, starter, alternator problems Electrical, Battery, Starting & Charging System Articles

Battery Safety (Read First!!!)

Hybrid Safety Hazards

How to Test Your Car Battery

Diagnosing A Battery That Runs Down

Battery Disconnect Problems (Read This BEFORE Disconnecting or Replacing Your Battery)

Charging System Checks (alternator testing)

Starting & Charging System Troubleshooting

How To Replace an Alternator

More on Starters

What You Should Know About Rebuilt Alternators & Starters

High Output Alternators (Why You May Need One)

Voltage Drop Testing

Troubleshoot electrical problems

Automotive Electrical Circuits

Power Centers: Relays & Fuses

Troubleshoot Anti-Theft System

Troubleshoot Electronic Instrument Cluster

Troubleshoot Power Windows

Troubleshoot Headlights

Lights (headlights & bulbs)

High Intensity Discharge (HID) Headlights

Stop-Start Systems

engine problems Engine Articles

Buick 3800 Engine Diagnosis

Chevy Aveo 1.6L Timing Belt Replacement

Chrysler 3.5L V6 Engine Service

Chrysler/Mitsubishi 3.0L V6 Engine Service

Chrysler Neon 2.0L Engine Service

GM Timing Belt Replacement

Ford Timing Belts & Chains

Ford 3.0L Duratec V6 Engine Diagnosis

Toyota & Honda Timing Belts

Cadillac Northstar V8 Engine Service

Engine Replacement Issues

Engine Repair Options

Diesel Piston Damage Diagnosis

GM Duramax Diesel Warranty Issues

Motor Mounts

Saturn Vibration Caused by Bad Engine Mount

Engine Rebuilding Tips

Replacing Internal Engine Parts

Engine Balancing

Cylinder Bore Honing Techniques

Cylinder Bore Surface Finishes (by the numbers)

Timing Chains & Belts

Variable Valve Timing

Timing Chain Replacement (Mazda & Ford 3.0L DOHC V6)

Aftermarket Timing Belt Warranty Warning

Timing Belts: Is Your Engine and Interference Engine?

About Camshafts & How To Choose a Camshaft

New Gasket Sealing & Resurfacing Requirements for Today's Engines

Cast Iron Cylinder Head and Block Crack Repairs

Valve Guide Repairs

Valve Seat Repairs

Causes of Valve Failures

Diagnose Weak Valve Springs

OHC Cylinder Head Components

OHC Cylinder Head Repairs

Cylinder Head Resurfacing

Tracking Down Causes of Engine Failure

Preventing Repeat Head Gasket Failures

Why Head Gaskets Fail

Head Gasket Failure: Common Causes

How to Fix a Leaky Head Gasket

All About Cylinder Head Bolts

Head Bolts (Torque-to-yield TTY head bolt installation & removal tips)

Torque Wrench (how to use)

Engine Oil Pressure Warning Light On

Troubleshoot Low Oil Pressure

Oil Pump Diagnosis

Oil Pumps: The Heart of the Engine

Do You Really Need a High Volume Oil Pump?

What Every Technician Should Know About Engine Bearings

Performance Pistons

Evolution of Piston Design

Piston Rings: Stock & Performance

Rings of Steel: Update On Piston Ring Technology

Piston Rings: Stock & Performance

Piston Ring End Gap Recommendations

Engine Compression Testing

Engine Leakdown Testing

Measuring Blowby

Causes of High Oil Consumption"

Engine Oil Leaks

Exhaust Smoke (various causes of)

Diagnosing Engine Noise

Engine Noise in Dodge Caravan & Chrysler Minivans

5 Car Noises You Should Not Ignore

Exhaust Articles

Troubleshoot Exhaust Problems

How to Check Exhaust Backpressure

Troubleshoot a P0420 Catalytic Converter Code

Catalytic Converter Testing

How to Replace a Muffler

Performance Mufflers

Front-Wheel Drive Articles

CV Joints & FWD shafts, part 1: Basics

CV Joints, part 2: Service & Repair

More About CV Joint and Halfshaft Service

How CV Joints are Remachined

Torque Steer in FWD Cars

fuel injection problems Fuel Related Articles

Gas Pains -- High Fuel Prices and What You Can and Can't Do About It

Fuel Saving Tips from the Car Care Council

My Advice On Gas-Saving Gadgets

About Alternative Fuels

E85 Ethanol Alcohol Alternative Fuel

What is E15?

How To Make Your Own Alcohol Fuels

How To Diagnose & Repair Carburetor Problems

Mechanical Fuel Pumps

Electric Fuel Pumps

Fuel Pump Diagnosis

How To Replace an In-Tank Electric Fuel Pump

Troubleshoot Fuel Gauges

How Electronic Fuel Injection Works

What Is Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI)?

Toyota Fuel Injection

Troubleshoot Fuel Injectors

Troubleshoot Electronic Fuel Injection Problems

Fuel System Diagnostics: Finding the Best Approach

Diagnosing Returnless Electronic Fuel Injection Systems

Intake Valve Deposits in Gasoline Direct Injection Engines

Troubleshooting & Cleaning Fuel Injectors

Fuel Filters

Electronic Throttle Control

Diagnose Cruise Control

Bad Gas Update 2006

Fuel Octane Ratings & Recommendations

Turbocharger Diagnosis & Repair

Basics of Supercharging

Diagnosing An Engine that Won't Crank or Start

Finding & Fixing Engine Vacuum Leaks

Fuel Pump Diagnosis Tips from Carter (PDF file - requires Adobe Acrobat Reader to view).

Gasoline Quality Guide for Technicians (PDF file - requires Adobe Acrobat Reader to view).



scantool companion ad



ignition diagnosis Ignition & Spark Plugs Articles

Spark Plug Technology

Don't Neglect the Spark Plugs

Why Spark Plugs Still Need To Be Replaced

Spark Plug Wires

Analyzing Ignition Misfires

Engine Won't Start, No Spark

Spark Plugs & Ignition Performance

Chevy Firing Orders

Chrysler Firing Orders

Ford Firing Orders

Distributor Ignition Systems

Distributorless Ignition Systems

Don't Use Ordinary Spark Plugs with Waste Spark DIS Ignition Systems

Coil-Over-Plug Ignition Systems

Multi-Coil Ignition Systems

Ignition Coil Diagnosis & Testing

Diagnosing Dead On Arrival Vehicles

Lubrication & Maintenance articles

Preventive Maintenance Chart

What Every Motorist Needs To Know About Motor Oil

New Motor Oil Specifications 2014

Motor Oils & Lubricants

How Often Should You Change Your Oil?

How To Change Your Oil

Certified Master Technicians Speak Out On Oil Change Intervals - June 2006

API Motor Oil Classifications

Watch Out for Obsolete "SA" Motor Oils (PDF file - requires Adobe Acrobat Reader to view).

Motor Oil Additives

ZDDP - What is it & Why do you need it?

Motor Oil Viscosity

Re-Refined Motor Oil

Synthetic Motor Oil

Troubleshoot Low Oil Pressure

Oil Pump Diagnosis

Oil Pumps: The Heart of the Engine

Oil Filters

Car Maintenance: Changing FLuids, Filters, Belts & Hoses

Preventive Maintenance

5 Things Your Car May Need Now!

5 Things Your Car May Not Need

5 Ways To Save Money on Auto Repairs

BMW's Condition Based Service System

Winterizing Tips

Summerize Tips for Hot Weather Driving

Recommended Service Intervals from the Car Care Council

Replace Your Windshield Wipers

Automatic Transmission Fluid (types and applications)

Regular Fluid Flushes Good for Transmissions

Underhood Maintenance: Fluids, Filters, Belts & Hoses

Check Your Air Filter

Ford Focus PZEV 150K Sealed Air Filter

Cabin Air Filters

Misc. Articles

Auto Repair

Car Repair

Car Repair Advice

Automotive Tools for Repairing & Maintaining Your Car

How to Weld Aluminum

Common Car problems (by symptom)

What Goes Wrong With Cars (and When)

Most Often Replaced Car Parts

How To Avoid Auto Repair Fraud, Scams and Rip-offs

Update on the Motorist Assurance Program (MAP)

New Car Lemon Laws

How Much Should It Cost To Fix Your Car?

Don't Get Overcharged for Auto Repairs

Auto Repair Facts for Consumers Provided By the Federal Trade Commission (FTC)

How to Pay for Auto Repairs

New Car Warranty Coverage: What Is Covered, What Is Not

Got Car Trouble?

Where To Buy Auto Parts?

Troubleshoot Odors Inside Your Car

Getting a Trailer Hitch How To Choose & Install one that is Right for You)

Repairing & Maintaining Trailer Brakes (mechanical & electric)

Safe Travel Tips

How To Buy A Good Used Car (and NOT a Lemon!)

Used Car Inspection Checklist

Used Car Dealer Tricks (How NOT to get cheated on the next used car you buy!)

My Advice for Selling, Trading or Getting Rid of Your Old Car or Truck

Used Car Information Resources

Insurance Resources

Speeding is NOT a Crime!!

Preventing Auto Theft

Ending Our Dependence on Foreign Oil

Study Finds Toxic Chemicals in Car Interiors

Defensive Driving Tips

Telematics (What Is It?)

Telematics: The Connected Car

Automotive Technician Training Resources

Crappy Cars I Have Owned

My Favorite Cars

Test Driving 2014 Corvette, Dodge Viper and Nissan GTR)

See Carley's BLOG for more topics

New Vehicles & Technology Articles

Self-Driving Cars & Driverless Autonomous Vehicles: The Next Big Thing?

Most Fuel Efficient Cars for 2011 Model Year

Most Fuel Efficient Cars for 2009 Model Year

25 Most Fuel Efficient Cars for 2008

Should You Buy a Hybrid or Electric Car?

Which is Better? a Diesel Engine or a Gasoline/Electric Hybrid?

Clean Diesel Technology

Biodiesel

What Is Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI)?

Who Killed GM's EV1 Electric Car?

SKF-Bertone Novanta Drive-By-Wire Concept Car

2003 Dodge Viper SRT-10

2003 Jaguar S-Type

Electric Hybrid Vehicles: Toyota Prius - first generation

Hybrid Safety Hazards

Hybrid Vehicle Service Tips

Honda Civic Hybrid Battery Problems

Toyota Prius Diagnostics

Safety Articles

Active Safety Systems

Common Sense Auto Repair Safety Tips

Distracted Driving Poses Safety Risk

Auto Accidents: Mechanical Problems That Increase Your Risk

Toyota Unintended Acceleration: Possible Causes

Toyota Recalls 2005 to 2008 Corolla & Matrix for Defective Engine Computer

Toyota Prius Brake Recall

Windstar Rear Axle Failure Recall

Battery Safety (Read This Before Jumping Starting, Charging or Replacing a Battery!)

Hybrid Safety Hazards

Hybrid Safety Information on Toyota Prius & other Toyota Vehicles

Milestones in Automotive Safety

Airbags & Crash Sensors

Airbag Recalls

NHTSA vehicle safety recalls

Study Finds Toxic Chemicals in Car Interiors

Tire Safety

Electronic Stability Control

2008 Vehicle Crash Test Safety Ratings (Best and Worst)



Steering, Suspension & Tire Articles

Electric Power Steering

Power Steering Fluid

Variable-Assist Power Steering Systems

Troubleshoot Rack & Pinion Steering

Rack & Pinion Steering Inner Tie Rod Sockets

Correcting Steering Pulls

Torque Steer in FWD Cars

Toyota Steering Recall

Watch Out For Old Tires

Used Tires - Are They Safe?

Why Tires Fail

What To Do If You Have A Flat Tire

Floor Jacks & Jack Stands (How to Safely Raise Your Vehicle)

Tire Pressure Monitoring Systems (TPMS)

TPMS Warning Light

Ford F150 Tire Pressure Monitoring System

Diagnose Tire Problems

Tire Wear (What to look for, how to reduce it)

Tires - When to Replace & What to Buy

Tire Rotation: When & How To Rotate Your Tires

Tire Inflation tips

Tire Safety

Tire Care Survey Results

Tire Valve Stems

Curing wheel & tire vibrations

Wheel Balancing

Diagnosing Causes of Suspension Vibrations

Wheel Alignment: Camber, Caster & Toe

Diagnosing ride control complaints

Strut Suspensions

Ball Joints: Inspection & Replacement Tips

Tire Inflation Tips from Firestone (PDF file - requires Adobe Acrobat Reader to view).

Tire Rotation Tips from Bridgestone (PDF file - requires Adobe Acrobat Reader to view).

Sealed Wheel Bearing Hub Units

Wheel Bearing & Seal Service

Transmission, Clutch and Driveline Articles

Automatic Transmission Fluid & Filter Service

Automatic Transmission Fluid (types and applications)

Diagnosing Automatic Transmission Complaints

Automatic Transmission Slipping

About Electronic Automatiuc Transmissions

Chrysler 45RFE Automatic Transmission Shift Problems

Ford AX4S Automatic Transmission (Windstar & Taurus)

Torque Converters (basic operation & diagnosis)

High Performance Torque Converters

Common Clutch Problems

Clutch Service

Diagnosing & Replacing a Faulty Clutch

Clutch Installation Tips from LUK

Flywheel Resurfacing

Import Manual Transmission & clutch Service

Wheel Bearing & Seal Service

Sealed Wheel Bearing & Hub Units

4WD Locking Hub Service

More on Servicing 4WD Locking Hubs




Be sure to visit our other websites:

AA1Car library of automotive technical articles

AA1Car Diagnostic Help

Auto Repair Yourself

CarleySoftware

OBD2HELP.com

Random-Misfire.com

Scan Tool Help

TROUBLE-CODES